Social Sciences

Trends of Modern Contraceptive Use Among Young Married Women Based on the 2000, 2005, and 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Surveys: a Multivariate Decomposition Analysis

Z.A. , W.A. , T.G.


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Published: January 30, 2015Introduction: Accessing family planning can reduce a significant proportion of maternal, infant, and childhood deaths. In Ethiopia, use of modern contraceptive methods is low but it is increasing. This study aimed to analyze the trends and determinants of changes in modern contraceptive use over time among young married women in Ethiopia. Methods: The study used data from the three Demographic Health Surveys conducted in Ethiopia, in 2000, 2005, and 2011. Young married women age 15–24 years with sample sizes of 2,157 in 2000, 1,904 in 2005, and 2,146 in 2011 were included. Logit-based decomposition analysis technique was used for analysis of factors contributing to the recent changes. STATA 12 was employed for data management and analyses. All calculations presented in this paper were weighted for the sampling probabilities and non-response. Complex sampling procedures were also considered during testing of statistical significance. Results: Among young married women, modern contraceptive prevalence increased from 6% in 2000 to 16% in 2005 and to 36% in 2011. The decomposition analysis indicated that 34% of the overall change in modern contraceptive use was due to difference in women’s characteristics. Changes in the composition of young women’s characteristics according to age, educational status, religion, couple concordance on family size, and fertility preference were the major sources of this increase. Two-thirds of the increase in modern contraceptive use was due to difference in coefficients. Most importantly, the increase was due to change in contraceptive use behavior among the rural population (33%) and among Orthodox Christians (16%) and Protestants (4%). Conclusions: Modern contraceptive use among young married women has showed a remarkable increase over the last decade in Ethiopia. Programmatic interventions targeting poor, younger (adolescent), illiterate, and Muslim women would help to maintain the increasing trend in modern contraceptive use.Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Atinkut Alamirrew Zelek

Louisiana story, entre nature et cultures

C.Louveau


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Resume : Dans Louisiana Story, Robert Flaherty a choisi l'opulente nature louisianaise comme lieu de rencontre entre deux cultures: une culture industrielle anglophone et une culture rurale francophone. Ce film, qui est commande et finance par la compagnie petroliere Standard Oil devait a l'origine montrer les difficultes et les dangers de l'extraction petroliere pour ses equipes tout en les mettant en scene dans une realisation destinee au grand public. Le probleme pose a Flaherty etait que de telles manoeuvres etaient souterraines, qu'elles echappaient a l'objectif de la camera. Apres avoir parcouru des milliers de kilometres aux Etats-Unis a la recherche de l'inspiration, son choix se porta sur le pays des Acadiens de Louisiane ou il fut marque par l'image d'une plate-forme se deplacant par voie d'eau sur l'un des multiples bayous de cette region. Ce lieu lui permettait de meler et de confronter dans la meme image la modernite des derricks et une nature sauvage, une population etrange par ses traditions et son langage a une population ouvriere plus typiquement americaine. Louisiana Story reste un film etrange et ambigu. Les hommes y apparaissent secondaires domines par le gigantisme des equipements petroliers et la grandeur de la nature. Il semble que lors du tournage Flaherty ait ete fascine par la faune et la flore au detriment du scenario qui etait la rencontre entre deux cultures a travers les decouvertes et les liens d'amitie d'un petit garcon cajun. Mots-cles: cajun, fiction et realite, Lousiana Story, responsabilite de lauteur, Robert Flaherty. Resumo: Em Louisiana Story, Robert Flaherty escolheu a natureza opulenta de Luisiana como lugar de encontro entre duas culturas: uma cultura industrial anglofona e uma cultura rural francofona. Esse filme, encomendado e financiado pela companhia petroleira Sandard Oil, devia mostrar originalmente as dificuldades e os perigos da extracao petroleira para suas equipes colocando-os em cena numa obra destinada a um publico amplo.
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